研究團隊的合照:

world's deepest undersea black smoker's

左一Prof Paul Tyler深海生態左二不認識^^"中間Dr Doug Connelly地球化學右二Dr Kate Stansfield海洋物最右邊Dr Jon Copley海洋生物學者

 

南安的資訊:

"""" A British scientific expedition has discovered the volcanic vents, known as 'black smokers', 3.1 miles (5000 metres) down in the Cayman Trough in the Caribbean. Using a deep-diving vehicle remotely controlled from the Royal Research Ship James Cook, the scientists found slender spires made of copper and iron ores on the seafloor, erupting water hot enough to melt lead, nearly half a mile deeper than anyone has seen before.

Deep-sea vents are undersea springs where superheated water erupts from the ocean floor. They were first seen in the Pacific three decades ago, but most are found between one and two miles deep. Scientists are fascinated by deep-sea vents because the scalding water that gushes from them nourishes lush colonies of deep-sea creatures, which has forced scientists to rewrite the rules of biology. Studying the life-forms that thrive in such unlikely havens is providing insights into patterns of marine life around the world, the possibility of life on other planets, and even how life on Earth began.

The expedition to the Cayman Trough is being run by Drs Doug Connelly, Jon Copley, Bramley Murton, Kate Stansfield and Professor Paul Tyler, all from Southampton, UK. They used a robot submarine called Autosub6000, developed by engineers at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) in Southampton, to survey the seafloor of the Cayman Trough in unprecedented detail. The team then launched another deep-sea vehicle called HyBIS, developed by team member Murton and Berkshire-based engineering company Hydro-Lek Ltd, to film the world's deepest vents for the first time. 

(...partially quoted...)

The expedition is part of a research project funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council to study the world's deepest undersea volcanoes. The research team will return to the Cayman Trough for a second expedition using the UK's deep-diving remotely-operated vehicle Isis, once a research ship is scheduled for the next phase of their project.

The scientists will be posting updates about their progress live from the ship at www.thesearethevoyages.net

""""  Source

中文報導:

http://news.pchome.com.tw/internation/tvbs/20100413/index-12711499873901239011.html

更新日期:2010/04/13 17:11 林佩儀

科學界今天有一個重大發現!英國科學家,在加勒比海海面下5000公尺處,發現了一座目
前地球上已知深度最深的海底火山,由於海底火山附近溫度相當高,加上附近海水富含礦
物質,專家研判,附近可能有從未發現過的新物種,讓科學家相當振奮。


這座目前發現,地球上最深的海底火山,位在海平面下5000公尺,火山口的洞深,估計有
2千公尺,一道長長深溝,在海面下不停冒出濃濃灰煙,深灰色的濃煙,與湛藍海水形成
對比,英國的科學小組,利用2艘水下探勘小艇進行拍攝,要把世界上最深火山口的真實
樣貌,第一次忠實地呈現在世人面前。

英國科學小組運用黃色的遙控潛艇,在加勒比海的開曼海溝附近,首度發現了這個目前最
深的海底火山口,根據科學儀器測量,火山口內的溫度高達攝氏4百度,足以將鉛鎔化,
附近滾燙的海水富含豐富的礦物質,科學家研判,可能有從未發現過的海洋生物在附近生
活,甚至可能藏有生物起源的新線索。

為了更加了解新發現的海底火山,科學家繪製了全新的海床3D地圖,要在這處10年前曾被
大導演詹姆斯柯麥隆,做為創作靈感的開曼海溝中,繼續找尋更多不為人知的大自然奧秘

~

前年(2008)8月,南安團隊發現深海火山群之相關資訊。

請看:http://icecore.pixnet.net/blog/post/21360373

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