尺寸：49 x 68 cm
畫家：Dick Twinney，Bernard Throton Artists London
出產地：Made in England
1. The Percheron 4. The Clydesdale
2. The Breton 5. The Suffolk Punch
3. The Black Shire 6. The Shire
The Percheron Horse is one of the most popular draught horses to be found at work today. Its popularity extends far beyond France, where it originated and can be found in Great Britain, several continental European countries, U.S.A., Canada, and many other parts of the world. Although probably originating as a crossbreed of several types of working horses of Begium and northern France, the credit for founding the Percheron Horses is due to a small group of farmers who, about 140 years ago, farmed a small area known as La Perche. It is from here that the Percheron takes its name. Docile and easy to handle, the Percheron is renowned for its good, hard, blue feet which enable it to stand up to work on roads, making it idea for heavy transport. Mares stand at not less than 16.1 hands and stallions not less than 16.3 hands. Despite its size it is also probably one of the most active and elegant movers of all the heavy horses. Colours are grey or black only, with a minimum of white.
The Breton is a French breed of heavy horse. Although bred on the rather poor land of Brittany and exposed to a very rough climate the Breton is renowned for its great hardiness and working qualities. It makes a very good agricultureal horse for these very reasons and also thrives on poor, indifferent food. THere were three types of Breton, The Draught, Postier and the Corlay but this latter must now be considered extinct. THe Draught Breton pictured here has percheron, Ardennais and Boulonnais ancestors. Depending on the area in which they are bred the Breton stands from 15.2 to 16.2 hands. Colours are Red or Blue roan, chestnut and bay. The ability of the Breton to adapt to different climates and conditions makes it a popular working horse in under-developed countries.
Both in weight and height the Shire Horse is the largest of England's agricultural horses. Although widely used throughout the country the breed really belongs to the Midlands and the Fens of East Anglia. The Shire traces its ancestry back to the Old Black English Cart Horse of the eighteenth century and further back still to the importation of black horses probably of Flemish origin. The Shire is capable of pulling a net weight of 5 tons and although possibly the slowest worker of the heavy breeds it is a steady, level mover of great honesty. The best of the breed now stands over 17 hands. Bay and Brown are the predominant colours, while blacks and greys are less frequent. All Shires however, have a considerable amount of white on their feet and legs which are also heavily feathered.
The history of the Clydesdale dates from the mid-eighteenth centuty when the hardy native breed found in the then county of Lanarkshire was upgraded to produce a horse with greater weight and substance by crossing it with imported Flemish stallions. The Clydesdale House Society was started in 1877 and the breed has been popular ever since with large numbers being exported.
The Clydesdale is an active mover for its size, around 16.2 hands. Colours are bay, brown or black with much white on the face, legs, and often into the body. Chestnuts are rare. Now mainly used for heavy draught work they are often used in crossbreeing to produce heavyweight hunters and riding horses.
The Suffolk House, more commonly known as The Suffolk Punch, is always chestnut in colour. it is also the only clean-legged British draught horse. Indigenous to the County of Suffolk, reference can be found to it as far back as 1506. Every Suffolk Punch in existence today can trace its descent in direct male line in an unbroken chain to a trotting horse called "Blakes Farmer" which was foaled in 1760. The Suffolk is very economical to keep despite its size of around 16 hands. It will do very well on very littele and will eat poorer quality feed. With rare exceptions the breed is generally docile but possessed of considerable strength which makes it very popular as a working agriculture draught horse. Colour is always chestnut, as stated, but a small amount of white is acceptable on the face.
JG說明：A fine study of the horses who helped with man's heavy work before the mechanical revolution.